Research confirms that psychotherapy is effective and the differences in effectiveness of various psychotherapeutic approaches are small or nonexistent.
The following groups of psychotherapeutic approaches are represented in the Polish Psychotherapy Council:
- and the other psychotherapy schools.
The last two decades have seen a dynamic growth of psychotherapy, and there are currently over 450 different psychotherapeutic schools. The approaches that have played a significant role in the development of psychotherapy as an autonomous discipline include psychoanalysis, psychodynamic psychotherapy, behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy, Gestalt psychotherapy, person-centred psychotherapy and systemic psychotherapy.
Taking into account the diversity of problems patients present with and their personal and social backgrounds, it is vital to ensure that they have access to psychotherapists representing all the major psychotherapeutic approaches and using various forms of work (individual, group, family).
It is also necessary to ensure that patients can benefit from psychotherapy provided by professionals with appropriate specialist training (see PRP standards and Register of psychotherapists).
It should be borne in mind that neither studies in psychology or in medicine, nor specialisation in clinical psychology or in psychiatry prepare for conducting psychotherapy.