The effectiveness of psychotherapy has been confirmed through scientific research. Approaches that have played a significant role in the development of psychotherapy as an independent field include: psychoanalysis, psychodynamic psychotherapy, behavioural and cognitive psychotherapy, Gestalt psychotherapy, person-centred psychotherapy, and systemic psychotherapy. In the last twenty years, psychotherapy has been developing dynamically and currently there are more than 450 different schools.
In accordance with the standards adopted in Poland, the process of training in psychotherapy means (jointly):
- completing postgraduate training in psychotherapy which lasts a minimum of four years and minimum of 1200 hours and covers theoretical and practical training, consistent with the PRP framework curriculum and confirmed by a certificate or other document;
- meeting additional requirements described in the certification procedures of individual professional associations, including those related to clinical practice and supervision;
- taking a qualifying examination (external, independent of training centers) carried out by associations of psychotherapists.
After receiving the certificate, the psychotherapist takes their work to supervision and actively participates in forms of lifelong learning, e.g. in trainings, conferences, seminars.
Detailed requirements for psychotherapists applying for a Psychotherapist’s Certificate and those applying to re-accredit following a period of validity are determined by each association that is a member of the Polish Psychotherapy Council, according to their separate procedures.